Clinical gmer – Assisted Reproductive Medical Group in Cadiz

Nutrition and Fertility

The way of eating and reproductive capacity

Nutrition”, concept that is currently on the agenda, and if we accompany it with a "healthy" or "Balanced", even more. We say it is very important and fundamental perform it in an appropriate manner at certain times of life as; the pregnancy, the childhood, adulthood and in certain situations; coronary heart disease, diabetes, hypertension etc.. But ... only in these mentioned? Nutrition is a science that studies the composition and quantity of food that our body needs to function optimally, Thus, This is a key aspect ALL STAGES OF LIFE. In fact, if not carried out correctly, our body can not perform its vital functions properly.

That is why it has been considered to nutrition, and therefore, the way of eating, as one of the main environmental factors affecting reproductive capacity. So much so, a diet based on foods with poor quality of nutrients, depletes nutrients necessary for reproductive systems, both women and man, they can work effectively.


There are numerous causes that lower female fertility, but we can relate very closely with nutrition are:

The weight, therefore deficient or excessive:

  • Under weight: menstrual disorders and consequently ovulation disorders.
  • Overweight and obesity: Fat tissue plays an important role in the metabolism of sex hormones and excess fat affects reproductive capacity. The probability of spontaneous pregnancy decreases linearly with increasing BMI (It is a way to measure whether there is excess body weight).

Polycystic ovary syndrome (SOP)

  • PCOS is a hormonal imbalance that can worsen when insulin levels in the bloodstream increase sharply. Major trigger of large insulin spikes are refined carbohydrates. When women with PCOS eat too many refined carbohydrates, insulin into the blood flows, retro acts on the ovaries and can cause irregular ovulation.


The deficit of certain nutrients, such as; folic acid, zinc and antioxidants affects the male reproductive capacity. The causes of the lack of reproductive capacity respond to the care of feeding and changes in eating habits.

In conclusion, nutrition and general incorporating healthy lifestyles in periconceptionally (which it surrounds the exact moment of fertilization) It is an important determinant of the expected results. Of course, it's something two, both he and she should conduct a guided change their eating habits by incorporating all the food that you need to provide for this stage, also exercise , the movement, as it helps to control the body fat levels and hormones. All this along with a guided supplementation, increase reproductive capacity and of course, will reduce any risks during pregnancy.